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Apart from the various owls (which are not included in our list of birds to see due to their being mostly nocturnal), there are really only 4 resident birds of prey which are commonly seen in West Wales.

First amongst them is the glorious Red Kite – recently reintroduced to the region with great success.

Next come Buzzards, which are generally remarked upon by locals as ‘common as sparrows’. Their shade can range from dark to quite pale all over but they’re always speckled brown. Seen from beneath, as they often are when soaring above you, notice that their underwing coverts are dark with even darker carpal patch. Members of the Crow family (see Birds to see Inland in West Wales) will mob a buzzard if it comes too close to their young.

Kestrels are often seen hovering over motorways in the more populated areas of the UK and they are the only raptor to do this. They like all sorts of habitats in rural Wales and are often seen close to cliffs. They hunt small prey such as beetles and voles, unlike the Sparrowhawk, the female of which tackles thrushes or pigeons (the smaller male can only manage tits and sparrows). You will sometimes catch sight of a Sparrowhawk as it whizzes low over a hedge or zooms along a stretch of road only a few feet above the ground. The speed is phenomenal and it appears to move without flapping its wings: quite an exciting experience.

Peregrines nest on cliffs and take prey such as crows, wading birds or pigeons out of the sky. Young birds tend to be streaked on the body rather than barred.

Two Winter Visitors

Hen Harrier is the only raptor in open country in winter. The female is completely different from the grey and white male. Although she still has the owl-like head, she has brown feathers edged with cream which show as very bold barring all the way to wing tips and end of tail when in flight. She does not have such dark coverts and carpals nor the dark wings tips of the buzzard. From above both sexes have an obvious white rump.

Merlin can be seen on farmland or near coast. The male is about the size of the male Sparrowhawk – only like a dove. They hunt small birds such as pipits and finches in winter and have to chase hard before making the catch. You might see the raptor frantically twisting and turning as it attempts to outwit its prey.

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A large bird sitting on a fence or telegraph post is usually a buzzard; not a golden eagle. Flies with stiff wing beats, then glides. They eat carrion from roads but also small live prey. Streaky brown with paler breast and very dark wing tips with spread ‘fingers’ in flight.

Size: 55cm Where: Inland, Island
Winter Visitor

Hen Harrier

Stays in uplands in summer but descends to lower ground in winter. Flies low, gliding and dashing in on prey. Slimmer than buzzard with long tail and narrow wings. Head a bit like owl. Male grey with white belly, black wing tips; female brown mottled – much more barred than buzzard.

Size: 48cm Where: Inland


The most common of falcons. Bright rusty brown upperparts spotted with black and long, slim tail barred with black, grey head and tail with black band at tip. Female has tail barred brown. Silvery underparts. Hovers or sits on posts.

Size: 33cm Where: Sea coast, Inland, Island
Winter Visitor


Farmland and coast. Flies low. Male: small – size of dove; grey/blue above; black tail tip; buff with orangey tinge underneath. Very speckled. Female much bigger; dark brown upper with cream underparts streaked brown. Wings sharply tapered. Tail blunt or spread in broad fan.

Size: 27-32cm Where: Sea coast, Inland


Much larger than Merlin. Male: dark grey head and back with pronounced horizontal grey barring on underside and fluffy legs, yellow at ankle and feet. Nests on cliffs and likes to catch pigeons and waders on the wing. Females much bigger.

Size: 37-48cm Where: Sea coast, Inland, Island

Red Kite

Now quite common in Ceredigion, this striking bird of prey is often seen gliding overhead with its deeply forked tail fanned out. Grey head and rusty underparts with white patch behind angle of wing.

Size: 58-64cm Where: Inland


Upperparts all-over grey/blue with pale rust bars and white below. Shorter, more pointed tail than Kestrel. Long, yellow legs. No spotted feathers above. Often flies a few feet above the road for quite a distance. Females bigger than male with browner upperside.

Size: 27-37cm Where: Inland

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